Heart transplant, an advanced treatment method, is used for people who have heart diseases and need heart transplants and replacement due to the inability of conventional treatment.
In a heart transplant, the damaged or weakened heart muscle is replaced with the healthy heart of another person.
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A heart transplant is a major surgery; with proper care, the patient’s chances of survival are high.
In adults, heart failure may be caused by the following:
In children also:
This process makes it possible to strengthen the heart and improve its performance. Similarly, in a heart transplant operation, the surgeon replaces the healthy heart donated by another person with the heart of a sick or injured person.
In order to increase the life expectancy after a heart transplant, you should follow the post-heart transplant care that the doctor tells you.
If a person suffers from acute heart failure or diseases that various medical methods cannot improve and the patient’s health is at risk, the best and last treatment method is a heart transplant.
In order to perform the heart transplant operation, various tests are taken from the patient to check the level of physical health, as well as the history of underlying diseases, and the blood group is determined.
Finding a donor option that matches the patient’s blood condition is essential in this surgery. This donated heart is selected from people who have suffered brain death.
During the operation, the person goes to complete anesthesia, the chest is split, and the defective heart is removed from the body.
Moreover, after that, blood flow is established with the heart and lung bypass machine, the donated heart replaces the removed heart, and the blood vessels Are connected to it. After that, the chest is closed.
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After the heart transplant operation, the heart recipient must be under hospital supervision for seven days. In these first 24 hours, it is essential that the body does not reject the heart and does not have complications.
You must visit your specialist doctor regularly for a checkup and perform blood tests, X-rays, or ECG tests.
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Here we talk about the risks of a heart transplant:
After the organ transplant operation, the patient should be given immunosuppressive drugs so that he accepts the organ.
Regular examination of the transplanted organ by a doctor is critical. Rejection of the transplant is usually asymptomatic, and tissue biopsy should be done repeatedly in a year.
For a biopsy, a tube is sent to the heart through the groin veins or neck veins, and some of the heart tissue is removed and sent to the laboratory for more examination.
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The percentage of heart transplant success depends on various factors, and it is not possible to determine a fixed number for it.
This percentage of success varies according to each patient’s condition and doctors’ experience.
The success rate of heart transplant surgery depends on the age of the patient, the general health of the patient, the experience and skill of the heart transplant surgeon, the environment and equipment of the hospital, and the strict adherence to post-operative instructions.
The success rate of heart transplants worldwide is over 85% after one year and 69% for adults after five years, which is excellent compared to the natural course of end-stage heart problems.
The first year after heart transplant surgery is the most important in heart transplant success rate.
If you had heart surgery and your surgery was successful, now it is your turn to get your recovery and health as quickly as possible by following the necessary care after heart surgery.
The first stage of heart surgery reconstruction can take 6 to 8 weeks. When you leave the hospital, you will receive post-operative care instructions.
These recipes and necessary care after heart surgery will help you recover better physically and emotionally.
Depression, anorexia, excitement, fear, lack of concentration, and impatience are normal after heart surgery. These symptoms will gradually disappear within two months.
Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.