drhealthandbeauty

Drhealthandbeauty

what-are-the-first-sign-of-kidney-stone? the hidden danger

What Are The First Signs Of Kidney Stone? The Hidden Danger

Table of Contents

Kidney stones are hard sediments often formed due to the high concentration of salts and salts in the urine. The formation of these stones has various causes and may be seen anywhere in the urinary tract, from the kidney to the bladder. Although moving kidney stones is painful, if detected in time, it does not cause permanent damage to the body. If someone is at risk of developing kidney stones, a urologist can recommend ways to prevent kidney stones.

Kidney stone

Symptoms and sign of kidney stones

As long as the kidney stone does not move and is fixed, it has no symptoms. Problems begin when the stone moves into the kidney or travels to the mesentery (the tube that connects each kidney to the bladder). In this case, some or all of the following are seen:

Severe and intermittent pain in the side and back, below the level of the ribs, which may radiate to the lower abdomen

  • heartburn
  • Pink, red, or brown urine
  • foul-smelling or dark urine
  • nausea and vomiting
  • Feeling the constant need to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination more than normal
  • Fever and chills if there is an infection
  • Decreased urine volume

Remember that kidney stone pain changes. As the stone moves in the urinary tract, the location and intensity of the pain change.

symptoms of kidney stone

Causes of kidney stones

Kidney stones usually do not have a single and specific cause, but some factors increase the probability of kidney stones. Kidney stones generally form when the urine increases the concentration of certain substances that can form crystals (such as calcium, uric acid, and oxalate). Usually, there are substances in urine that prevent molecules from sticking together and forming crystals. If these substances are low in urine, they accelerate the stone production process.

Types of kidney stones

If we know the type or gender of kidney stones, we will better understand the causes of stone formation, and the urologist can better guide us to prevent its formation again. Therefore, if possible, it is better to deliver the stone to the laboratory to determine the gender.

The types of kidney stones in terms of stone composition are as follows:

  • calcium stone

Most of the kidney stones are calcium and, most of all, calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a natural substance that is present in some foods and is produced in the liver. Some vegetables, fruits, nuts, and chocolate contain high amounts of oxalates.

In addition to the foods we eat, eating high doses of vitamin D and some intestinal surgeries also increase the concentration of calcium and oxalate in the urine.

Kidney stones may also be calcium phosphate. Some changes in the body’s metabolism, some migraine headaches, and an anti-epileptic drug called topiramate may cause this type of kidney stone.

  • Struvite stone

This type of kidney stone is formed in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. This is because due to infection urine becomes alkaline in nature. These stones can proliferate and are usually large; For this reason, they do not move and do not have many signs.

  • Uric acid stones

This type of kidney stone is formed in a person who drinks little fluids but whose body loses much water. Those who eat protein-rich foods or have high blood uric acid (gout) may also develop this type of kidney stone.

  • Cysteine Stone

This type of stone is only seen in those with a hereditary disorder in which they excrete a particular substance called cystine in the urine more than usual.

Types of kidney stone

Diagnosis of kidney stones

In case of symptoms of kidney stones, you should see a doctor specializing in urology (diseases of the urinary tract).

The doctor may request a blood test (to measure the level of calcium and uric acid), urine test, ultrasound,

Treatment of large kidney stones or kidney stones simultaneously with other diseases

Some kidney stones are large and cannot be removed through the methods mentioned above or are associated with bleeding or urinary tract infection; These stones may need the following treatments:

Stone crushing with a device whose sound waves crush kidney stones.

It takes 45 to 60 minutes and may be painful so the person may be given sedation or mild anesthesia.

Kidney surgery to remove huge stones

Using an endoscopy (passing a narrow light-filled tube called a ureteroscope through the urethra and bladder) to find stones in the urethra and break them up with special tools.

This is done under general anesthesia or local anesthesia.

Parathyroid gland surgery (in cases where overactivity of this gland is the cause of kidney stones)

(plain or specialized) or CT scan.

Treatment of kidney stones

There are various treatment methods for kidney stones. The doctor chooses the appropriate method based on the size of the kidney stone.

Treatment of small kidney stones

Small kidney stones do not require aggressive treatment such as stone breakers and are usually passed by doing the following:

  • Drinking plenty of water (two to three liters per day)
  • Non-prescription pain medications, according to the consultation with the pharmacist
  • Prescription drugs that relax the muscles of the bladder, according to the prescription of the attending physician
what-are-the-first-sign-of-kidney-stone? the hidden danger03

Treatment of large kidney stones or kidney stones simultaneously with other diseases

Some kidney stones are large and cannot be removed through the methods mentioned above or are associated with bleeding or urinary tract infection; These stones may need the following treatments:

Stone crushing with a device whose sound waves crush kidney stones.

It takes 45 to 60 minutes and may be painful so the person may be given sedation or mild anesthesia.

Kidney surgery to remove huge stones

Using an endoscopy (passing a narrow light-filled tube called a ureteroscope through the urethra and bladder) to find stones in the urethra and break them up with special tools.

This is done under general anesthesia or local anesthesia.

Parathyroid gland surgery (in cases where overactivity of this gland is the cause of kidney stones)

Prevention of kidney stones

Making lifestyle changes and some medications can help prevent kidney stones.

Lifestyle changes to prevent kidney stones

The following actions help prevent this disease:

We drink plenty of water during the day to not feel thirsty, and the urine is colorless or bright yellow. In hot weather, we need to drink more water.

Eat less oxalate-rich foods. Rhubarb, beets, spinach, nuts, tea, chocolate, and soy products have many oxalates.

Use less salt and animal protein in your diet.

Related: “Diet And Exercise Plan For Obese Men

Calcium in food does not increase the risk of kidney stones.

It is generally good to consult a nutritionist on this matter. Continue to eat calcium-rich foods, but be cautious about taking calcium supplements.

High Oxalate foods

Medicines to prevent kidney stones

These drugs regulate the amount of salts and mineral salts in the urine, and the doctor prescribes the appropriate drug based on the type of stone excreted. For example, the treating physician may prescribe a diuretic drug from the thiazide family to prevent calcium stones. At the doctor’s discretion, a low dose of antibiotics for an extended period is necessary to prevent struvite stones.

Kidney diseases and diet

Diet in people’s weight can be effective in the development and progression of kidney diseases, especially chronic kidney failure. Also, for people whose kidneys form stones permanently, it is necessary to determine the types of kidney stones formed in the laboratory to help prevent the formation of stones or increase their destruction by changing their diet. For example, people with stones made of calcium oxalate should consume fewer dairy products and products containing calcium or oxalate.

Losing weight makes the kidneys work better and eliminate waste materials more efficiently. For this reason, it is essential not only to lose weight but also to the type of diet that leads you to the goal; Therefore, it is better to use an essential diet that is not only specific to you but you can improve your health by providing the vitamins and minerals your body needs.

Kidney stone size

Conclusion

We said that a kidney stone is a complex object made of chemicals in urine. There are four types of kidney stones: calcium oxalate, uric acid, struvite, and cystine. Kidney stones may be treated with shock wave lithotripsy, hysterectomy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, or nephrolithotripsy.

Other possible causes include drinking too little water, exercising (too much or too little), obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating foods high in salt o

References:

Share in :
Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Reddit
Explore more

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Author and specialist

Dr. Majid Zahrabi,

Neurosurgeon

  • Board Certified Neurosurgeon
  • DHA certificate holder
  • Plantation certificate holder, France
  • Certified holder of Discogol, France
  • A pioneer in the non-surgical treatment of disc herniation in the Middle East and CIS countries.
  • Under the training and coaching of Professor Jacques Theron (founder of Discogel Therapy) since 2008
  • More than 400 successful cervical and 1300 lumbar discogel injections
  • Trained and certified several neurosurgeons and spine surgeons in the Middle East and CIS countries for the treatment of Discogel
  • Strong belief in patient-centered care planning and participation
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Imam Khomeini and Amir Mazandarani Hospital, Sari, Iran, with more than 430 surgeries annually, 2000-2011
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Farmaniyeh, Nikan and Yas Sepid Hospital, Tehran, Iran, with more than 400 surgeries annually, 2011-2012
  • Neurosurgeon at Iranian Hospital, Dubai, 2022-2023
  • Since 2015, he has been working as a reference doctor for the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with Discogel and has trained many doctors of spine-related specialties in various countries of the Middle East and CIS in person/practically and online.

.

Education:

  • Individual training sessions under the direct supervision of Professor Jacques Theron in Discogel treatment, 2008-2020
  • Training sessions under the supervision of Professor Thierry Boye on spinal implants, 2007
  • Participation and presentation in several national and international medical and neuro-spinal conferences
  • Board certificate by Iran Neurosurgery Board, 2001
  • Neurosurgery assistant training course, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, 1996-2001 (In 2001, he graduated from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences with the first rank in the country.
  • His thesis the titled:The Application of human amniotic membrane in repair of dura matter in dogs.” ( It was happening for the first time in the world. )
  • General medical education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, 1984-1993

.

Published books:

  • CT scan of the brain for doctors
  • Etiology and treatment of painful spine disorders
  • Atlas of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of spine disorders
  • The most common mistakes in the treatment of spinal disorders
  • Reading brain CT scan in simple language (3rd place in the book of the year)
  • Treatment of head and spine injuries

Publications and articles:

  • Bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of DISCOGEL® (https://www.researchgate.net/)
  • Muscle recovery, reduction of pain, and improvement of movement strategies in patients with lumbar discopathy after injection of Discogel.
  • The article on the initial results of the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection, which won the second-best poster rank at the Pan Arab International Congress of Interventional Radiology (March 14-16, 2015) and was accepted for presentation at the Chicago Pain Congress.
  • The use of human amniotic membrane in dura mater repair in dogs, a study for the first time in the world.

.

Lectures:

  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2019
  • Chicago International Pain Congress, 2019
  • Iran International Pain Management Congress, 2018
  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2018
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Armenia for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2017
  • First Live Workshop and Seminar on Minimally Invasive Disc Therapy (DISCON), 2017
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Azerbaijan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • Seminar of Iranian official managers, 2016
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Tajikistan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • International Neurological Intervention Congress in Iran, 2014
  • Educational seminar for nurses on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Educational seminar for general practitioners on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Speech at the Retraining Seminar for General Practitioners and Specialists in Dubai (Discon) in 2017
  • Speech in the internal retraining courses of Irani Hospital, Dubai
  • Holding lecture sessions and practical workshops on the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Oman, and Armenia during the years 2015 to 2021.
  • Giving a lecture and holding a practical workshop for neurosurgeons in Vietnam at Ho Chi Minh City University in 2023

Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.