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What Is The Easiest Way To Treat A Fever?

What Is The Easiest Way To Treat A Fever?

Table of Contents

Fever, also known as pyrexia or high temperature, refers to a temperature above 37 degrees Celsius (average body temperature) and is a natural reaction of the body to various diseases and infections. Fever is one of the most common medical symptoms.

fever 01

What is a fever?

Fever is the most common side effect in diseases such as flu and cold. A fever indicates the immune system is fighting hard against infection or disease.

 Generally, when the immune system produces more white blood cells to fight infection, these cells stimulate the brain to increase body temperature, resulting in a fever. 

On the other hand, the body reacts to this phenomenon and tries to cool itself by restricting blood flow to the skin and contracting muscles, which causes shivering and pain in the body and muscles.

Related: “Heat Stroke Treatment At Home/ Eliminative Solutions”

Among the factors that cause fever in adults, the following can be mentioned:

Related: “How To Prevent Sunburn Without Sunscreen?

The following diseases may also cause high fever:

fever 02

Types of body fever

The average body temperature is between 36.1 and 37.2 degrees Celsius. If your body temperature rises above this value, you have a fever. Fever is divided into four groups:

  • Low-grade fever: when the body temperature reaches 38 degrees Celsius;
  • Moderate fever: when the body temperature reaches 39.1 to 40 degrees Celsius;
  • High-grade fever: when the body temperature reaches 39.4 degrees Celsius or more;
  • Hyperpyrexia/very high fever: when the body temperature rises above 41.1 degrees Celsius.

Usually, most fevers resolve on their own within 1 to 3 days. However, persistent or persistent fever may recur for up to 14 days. Just as a recurring fever is a sign of a more severe infection or illness, a persistent fever can also be severe, Even if the fever is mild.

If the duration of the fever is less than seven days, the fever is acute;

If the fever lasts up to 14 days, it is semi-acute;

If the fever lasts more than 14 days, the fever is chronic or persistent.

Related: “What Is The Difference Between Intermittent, Remittent, And Relapsing Fever?

body temperature

Symptoms never lie

Symptoms of fever include the following:

  • chills;
  • weakness;
  • Sweating;
  • Headache;
  • fatigue;
  • muscles pain;
  • loss of appetite

Related: “How To Deal With Fatigue From Iron Deficiency?

See your doctor if you have a high fever (temperature above 39.4°C), if your fever is persistent and does not go away after three days, or if you have the following symptoms:

  • convulsions;
  • Headache;
  • dehydration;
  • Vomit;
  • dizziness;
  • sensitivity to light;
  • difficulty in breathing;
  • skin rashes;
  • Muscle cramps and abdominal pain.

Related: “How To Wash Seborrheic Dermatitis Scalp?”

infogeraphy-fever-symptoms

Common types of fever

Various types of fever or elevated body temperature can occur due to a range of medical conditions. Here are some common types of fever:

  • Viral Fever – Viral fever is caused by a viral infection such as the flu, cold, measles, mumps, or a similar infection. The fever in this type of infection is usually moderate to high and is accompanied by other symptoms, for example, a runny nose, sore throat, and a cough.
 
  • Bacterial Fever – Bacterial fever is caused by a bacterial infection such as pneumonia, kidney infection, or bacterial meningitis. The fever in this type of infection is usually high and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and a rash.
 
  • Fugal Fever – Fungal fever is caused by a fungal infection such as histoplasmosis or coccidioidomycosis. The fever in this type of infection is usually high and can be accompanied by other symptoms, for instance, shortness of breath, chest pain, and a cough.
 
  • Malaria Fever – A parasitic infection causes malaria fever and is one of the most common types of fever in endemic regions. The fever in this type of infection is usually high and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as chills, sweats, and a headache.
 
  • Tuberculous Fever – A bacterial infection causes tuberculous fever and is one of the most common types of bacterial fever. The fever in this type of infection is usually persistent and can be accompanied by other symptoms, for instance, weight loss, night sweats, and a cough.
 
  • Typhoid fever arises from a bacterial infection commonly associated with contaminated food or water. The fever in this type of infection is usually high and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as stomach cramps, diarrhea, and a headache.
 
  • Dengue fever – A viral infection causes dengue fever and is one of the most common types of viral fever. The fever in this type of infection is usually moderate to high and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as rash, joint pain, and bleeding.
 
fever 04

What is the easiest way to treat a fever?

A fever is usually not dangerous by itself. Most fevers disappear within hours or days as the body fights the infection. During this time, you can use the following simple and effective methods to feel better:

  • Take a warm shower;
  • Get enough rest;
  • Consume enough water, juice, and soup to hydrate the body;
  • Use a soft and spice-free diet and choose light foods.
 

Some over-the-counter medications can also help relieve fever and associated symptoms such as headache, body aches, and muscle pain. 

If the fever is very severe, its treatment depends on the cause of the fever, and the doctor may prescribe the following drugs to treat severe infections:

  • Antibiotics;
  • antifungal drug;
  • Antiviral drug.
fever 03

  When an adult patient has a fever, the easy way to treat fever is that he should wear cool clothes and not cover himself with a blanket.

  When the patient starts shivering, he should wear warm clothes until the shivering stops, then put on light clothes again.

If the patient is unwell or has a high fever, give him acetaminophen every 4 hours, ibuprofen can be as helpful as acetaminophen. 

Ibuprofen can be taken every 6 to 8 hours, do not use ASA (aspirin) in people under 20 years old.

  If the patient vomits the antipyretic drug, you can use an acetaminophen suppository (renal use) and ask the pharmacist for help.

  It is recommended not to take a bath during fever and chills. Bathing causes shivering, and shivering causes the body temperature to rise again.

The patient should drink plenty of fluids. Fluid loss increases during fever.

  Repeat the medicine every 4 hours, especially if the fever is high.

  If the patient also has a sore throat, cough, earache, or other problems, in addition to fever, he may have a cold.

fever 05

Footbath

Footbath has also been used as a home remedy to reduce fever from the past until now, and you can reduce your fever or that of your loved ones by using this simple way.

For this, you should put the patient’s feet in a pan of lukewarm water and then start massaging the feet so that the fever gradually decreases.

Apple cider

Apple cider vinegar is another old medicine and an easy way to eliminate fever. Add one cup of apple cider vinegar in a bowl containing two cups of water. Then dip a cloth in the mixture and wrap it on the forehead, abdomen, or soles of the feet.

Onion

Onion is considered one of the most traditional home remedies and a simple way for fever; it effectively reduces fever and relieves body pain.

Apply two or three slices of thick onion on the patient’s feet for a few minutes before bed. Repeat this process twice a day to reduce the fever naturally.

After conducting investigations regarding the treatment of reducing fever in an easy way, it was found that egg white can also be very effective in reducing fever.

 This food can absorb body heat well and completely neutralize fever even in a very short period (up to half an hour).

You must first break two to three eggs and separate their whites. Then mix them thoroughly. Now take a clean cloth in the appropriate size, dip it in the albumen, place it on the soles of your feet, and wear socks.

If the cloth dries, dip it again in egg white. Repeat this until the fever goes down.

What is the best food for a fever?

Proper diet for fever management

Using good food to manage fever is necessary to eliminate symptoms and recover faster. A balanced and appropriate diet helps to strengthen the immune system

Since the body burns more calories during a fever, it is essential to consume energy-dense foods, and a high-calorie, high-protein, low-fat, and fluid diet is recommended.

During the first 2 or 3 days of fever, the diet should primarily contain liquids such as soup, water, juice, and milk (if you do not have diarrhea). 

Continuous meals should be taken every 2 hours and gradually increase to every 4 hours. Also, use soft foods without easily digested and absorbed spices to provide nutrients to your body. Among these foods, the following can be mentioned:

  • Lion;
  • porridge;
  • cereals;
  • soft or crushed rice;
  • soft fruits such as bananas, papayas, apples, oranges, and melons;
  • Cooked vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, squash).
Cooked vegetables

During a fever, you need more essential nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin C, B vitamins, and minerals like calcium, iron, and sodium. Limit the consumption of fatty, spicy, and high-fiber foods that are difficult to digest, and instead add the following foods to your diet:

  • Fruit juice;
  • coconut water;
  • rice silk;
  • boiled eggs;
  • lean meat;
  • Baked or steamed fish;
fever 06

What should not be eaten during fever?

Avoid the following foods during fever:

  • Cheese;
  • sweets
  • Spicy foods;
  • canned foods;
  • fried foods;
  • High-fiber foods.
fever 07

Conclusion

Fever means an increased body temperature above average, indicating the body’s struggle to deal with foreign and pathogenic agents. Foreign agents include viruses, bacteria, fungi, drugs, or toxins. Fever indicates that something unpleasant is happening to the cells of the body. Fever is the most common symptom of infection.

An area in the brain called the hypothalamus, also known as the body’s thermostat, regulates the body’s temperature. 

A fever occurs when the hypothalamus orders the body’s temperature to rise in response to infection, disease, or any other cause. The more the body temperature increases, the hypothalamus tries to reduce the body temperature to deal with this situation.

There are various simple and convenient treatments that adults can use to control fever and chills. A general practitioner for adults and children and a pediatrician can help treat fever in children.

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Author and specialist

Dr. Majid Zahrabi,

Neurosurgeon

  • Board Certified Neurosurgeon
  • DHA certificate holder
  • Plantation certificate holder, France
  • Certified holder of Discogol, France
  • A pioneer in the non-surgical treatment of disc herniation in the Middle East and CIS countries.
  • Under the training and coaching of Professor Jacques Theron (founder of Discogel Therapy) since 2008
  • More than 400 successful cervical and 1300 lumbar discogel injections
  • Trained and certified several neurosurgeons and spine surgeons in the Middle East and CIS countries for the treatment of Discogel
  • Strong belief in patient-centered care planning and participation
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Imam Khomeini and Amir Mazandarani Hospital, Sari, Iran, with more than 430 surgeries annually, 2000-2011
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Farmaniyeh, Nikan and Yas Sepid Hospital, Tehran, Iran, with more than 400 surgeries annually, 2011-2012
  • Neurosurgeon at Iranian Hospital, Dubai, 2022-2023
  • Since 2015, he has been working as a reference doctor for the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with Discogel and has trained many doctors of spine-related specialties in various countries of the Middle East and CIS in person/practically and online.

.

Education:

  • Individual training sessions under the direct supervision of Professor Jacques Theron in Discogel treatment, 2008-2020
  • Training sessions under the supervision of Professor Thierry Boye on spinal implants, 2007
  • Participation and presentation in several national and international medical and neuro-spinal conferences
  • Board certificate by Iran Neurosurgery Board, 2001
  • Neurosurgery assistant training course, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, 1996-2001 (In 2001, he graduated from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences with the first rank in the country.
  • His thesis the titled:The Application of human amniotic membrane in repair of dura matter in dogs.” ( It was happening for the first time in the world. )
  • General medical education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, 1984-1993

.

Published books:

  • CT scan of the brain for doctors
  • Etiology and treatment of painful spine disorders
  • Atlas of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of spine disorders
  • The most common mistakes in the treatment of spinal disorders
  • Reading brain CT scan in simple language (3rd place in the book of the year)
  • Treatment of head and spine injuries

Publications and articles:

  • Bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of DISCOGEL® (https://www.researchgate.net/)
  • Muscle recovery, reduction of pain, and improvement of movement strategies in patients with lumbar discopathy after injection of Discogel.
  • The article on the initial results of the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection, which won the second-best poster rank at the Pan Arab International Congress of Interventional Radiology (March 14-16, 2015) and was accepted for presentation at the Chicago Pain Congress.
  • The use of human amniotic membrane in dura mater repair in dogs, a study for the first time in the world.

.

Lectures:

  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2019
  • Chicago International Pain Congress, 2019
  • Iran International Pain Management Congress, 2018
  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2018
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Armenia for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2017
  • First Live Workshop and Seminar on Minimally Invasive Disc Therapy (DISCON), 2017
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Azerbaijan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • Seminar of Iranian official managers, 2016
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Tajikistan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • International Neurological Intervention Congress in Iran, 2014
  • Educational seminar for nurses on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Educational seminar for general practitioners on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Speech at the Retraining Seminar for General Practitioners and Specialists in Dubai (Discon) in 2017
  • Speech in the internal retraining courses of Irani Hospital, Dubai
  • Holding lecture sessions and practical workshops on the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Oman, and Armenia during the years 2015 to 2021.
  • Giving a lecture and holding a practical workshop for neurosurgeons in Vietnam at Ho Chi Minh City University in 2023

Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.