The medical definition of heatstroke is a body temperature above 40 degrees, accompanied by complications related to the central nervous system after exposure to high temperatures.
Heatstroke due to insufficient water reaching the body in high heat leads to a malfunction in the body’s temperature control system. Common symptoms of heatstroke include nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma.
Heatstroke is the most severe form of heat injury, and although it is considered a mild complication in most cases, failure to treat it can even cause death. Severe heatstroke can cause serious damage to the brain and other internal organs.
This issue mainly affects people over 50 but will not leave young athletes alone in hot seasons and outdoors. Knowing the symptoms of heat stroke and its control methods helps control this complication in the summer.
A clear sign of heatstroke is a body temperature above 40 degrees. However, fainting can be the first sign of heatstroke. Other symptoms include:
Is it impossible to recognize heat stroke with increased body temperature and exhaustion? Heat can cause various diseases, including rhabdomyolysis (capillary and muscle rupture due to heat and intense physical activity). To diagnose the type and severity of heat damage, doctors write and prescribe some tests, which include:
In that regard, reading the article “WBC Count” will be useful.
Different groups are at risk of heat stroke, but the most significant risk is for the following groups:
Studies have proven that cold water or an ice bath is the most effective way to reduce your core body temperature quickly. Quick actions and first aid after heatstroke at home or on the street include the following:
Note that home remedies for heatstroke alone are not enough. If you have signs and symptoms of heatstroke, seek immediate medical help. Others should also perform first aid to cool you down while you wait for emergency help to arrive.
Some home remedies for heatstroke typically include the following:
When exposed to too much heat in hot weather, the body’s temperature regulation system is disturbed; in this case, the body cannot expel the excess heat.
As a result, the body overheats, and various organs are damaged. In the meantime, the events that can be predicted are heat exhaustion, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.
Among the symptoms of heatstroke in children and adults in the summer season are dry and hot skin, no sweating, reddening of the skin and then its gradual paleness or bruising, short and fast breathing, fast and weak pulse, increase in body temperature to More than 40 degrees, headache, muscle cramps (this type of cramps cannot be relieved by massage and you should give some water and salt to the heat stroke person), dilated pupils, confusion, leg muscle cramps, aggression, hallucinations, lethargy, and convulsions.
The last stage of heat stroke is heat stroke.
Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.