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heat stroke treatment at home/ eliminative solutions

Heat Stroke Treatment At Home /Eliminative Solutions

Table of Contents

The medical definition of heatstroke is a body temperature above 40 degrees, accompanied by complications related to the central nervous system after exposure to high temperatures. 

Heatstroke due to insufficient water reaching the body in high heat leads to a malfunction in the body’s temperature control system. Common symptoms of heatstroke include nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma.


Heatstroke is the most severe form of heat injury, and although it is considered a mild complication in most cases, failure to treat it can even cause death. Severe heatstroke can cause serious damage to the brain and other internal organs. 

This issue mainly affects people over 50 but will not leave young athletes alone in hot seasons and outdoors. Knowing the symptoms of heat stroke and its control methods helps control this complication in the summer.

body temperature

Symptoms of heatstroke

A clear sign of heatstroke is a body temperature above 40 degrees. However, fainting can be the first sign of heatstroke. Other symptoms include:

  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • No sweating despite the heat
  • Red, hot, and dry skin
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • nausea and vomiting
  • A fast heartbeat that may be strong or weak
  • Fast and shallow breathing
  • Behavioral changes such as confusion
    convulsions
  • Anesthesia and unconsciousness
  • Unusual fatigue and exhaustion
  • Low blood pressure
  • Change of mental state
  • unintelligible speech
  • In severe cases, loss of consciousness (coma)
  • Hot and dry skin with itching
  • Excessive sweating
  • Very high body temperature
  • Increased heart rate
  • Urine color change to dark
    By observing the above symptoms, think about heatstroke treatment at home for the heatstroke person.
heat stroke treatment at home 01

How is heat stroke diagnosed?

Is it impossible to recognize heat stroke with increased body temperature and exhaustion? Heat can cause various diseases, including rhabdomyolysis (capillary and muscle rupture due to heat and intense physical activity). To diagnose the type and severity of heat damage, doctors write and prescribe some tests, which include:

  1. Rectal temperature measurement to check core body temperature. It is the most accurate method to determine the central body temperature, so it overshadows the accuracy of measuring the temperature of the mouth or forehead.
  2. Muscle function tests. These tests are used to check for severe damage to your muscle tissue (rhabdomyolysis), based on which heatstroke treatment can be started at home.
  3. X-rays and other imaging tests. They are prescribed to check and identify damage to your internal organs.
  4. Urinalysis. Urine color change and the amount of damage done to the kidneys due to heat are determined by urine tests.
  5. Blood test. Examining the amount of sodium, potassium in the blood and the content of gases in it can provide doctors with a complete report of the damage to the central nervous system.

In that regard, reading the article “WBC Count” will be useful.

Which groups are more at risk of heat stroke?

Different groups are at risk of heat stroke, but the most significant risk is for the following groups:

  1. Older adults and children
  2. Patients with heart problems or high blood pressure
  3. People with respiratory and vascular diseases and exhaustion
  4. People with severe skin diseases.
  5. People who engage in vigorous activity, such as athletes and hard workers, are at greater risk.
  6. People who work in a hot environment.
  7. People live in areas with hot and humid weather, especially with no access to air conditioning and other amenities such as air conditioning.
heat stroke treatment at home 02

Immediate treatment of heatstroke

Studies have proven that cold water or an ice bath is the most effective way to reduce your core body temperature quickly. Quick actions and first aid after heatstroke at home or on the street include the following:

  1. The first step is to call the emergency.
  2. Try to stay close to the person with heatstroke.
  3. Move the patient to a shaded, cool, or air-conditioned place such as the subway, cinema, or library.
  4. Reduce the number of his clothes (socks, shoes, etc.) or open the buttons.
  5. Moisten the skin (mainly in the neck, armpit, and groin) and head of the patient with wet cloths or blankets.
  6. If you are at home, cold baths or ice immersion are recommended for quick treatment of heatstroke at home.
  7. Blow the patient with air or wet tissue.
  8. You may need medications to stop muscle tremors after treating heatstroke. In this case, the doctor will give you a muscle relaxant such as a benzodiazepine.
  9. To quickly treat heatstroke at home, give the patient sips of cool liquids.
  10. Serum injection, or serum therapy, helps to reduce body temperature and return lost water quickly.
heat stroke treatment at home 03

Critical points in home remedies for heatstroke

Note that home remedies for heatstroke alone are not enough. If you have signs and symptoms of heatstroke, seek immediate medical help. Others should also perform first aid to cool you down while you wait for emergency help to arrive.

  • Take off your clothes and take a bath.
  • For immediate treatment of heatstroke, turn on the air conditioner or fan.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Your body’s salt has been lost due to sweating. To compensate, you can try drinks containing salt.
  • Do not use sugary or alcoholic drinks to hydrate because they reduce the body’s ability to lower the temperature.
  • Do not use icy drinks because it causes stomach cramps.
Sour summer drink

Home remedies for heatstroke

Some home remedies for heatstroke typically include the following:

  • Fruit juices: Fruits such as watermelon, melon, cucumber, and tomato, due to having a large volume of water and electrolytes, can be the best option for recovering body water and electrolytes and home treatment for adults and children.
  • Herbal extracts: some herbs such as mint, thyme, horseradish, and ginger can cool the body and reduce fever and are effective for treating heatstroke at home.
  • Rose syrup, chrysanthemum tea, water lotus leaf tea, birch sap, chicory tea, sherbet egg syrup, lemon tea, milky tea, and jujube tea are among the best home remedies to prevent and treat heatstroke in summer.
heat stroke treatment at home 04
  • Wearing the right clothes: according to doctors’ opinions, for the home treatment of heatstroke, it is possible to wear thin clothes that stimulate sweating, such as cotton clothes, which cause heat to dissipate from the body.
  • Cold water: Cold water is a simple method to reduce body temperature and relieve heatstroke.
  • Proper nutrition: by consuming foods such as sour, excellent fruits, vegetables, and low-fat and low-salt foods, it is possible to help treat and eliminate heatstroke.
  • Onion juice
    Onion juice is one of the best remedies for heatstroke. Many experts and doctors recommend using onion juice as a treatment priority for heatstroke. Applying onion juice behind the ear and chest can help reduce body temperature.
    Using onion juice orally for therapeutic purposes is more desirable, But you can mix and eat some raw onion with cumin and honey. Raw onions in salads can also reduce body heat.
  • Rest: Staying relaxed and sleeping for enough time can help treat heatstroke and nausea.
sleeping for enough time

Conclusion

When exposed to too much heat in hot weather, the body’s temperature regulation system is disturbed; in this case, the body cannot expel the excess heat. 

As a result, the body overheats, and various organs are damaged. In the meantime, the events that can be predicted are heat exhaustion, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.

Among the symptoms of heatstroke in children and adults in the summer season are dry and hot skin, no sweating, reddening of the skin and then its gradual paleness or bruising, short and fast breathing, fast and weak pulse, increase in body temperature to More than 40 degrees, headache, muscle cramps (this type of cramps cannot be relieved by massage and you should give some water and salt to the heat stroke person), dilated pupils, confusion, leg muscle cramps, aggression, hallucinations, lethargy, and convulsions. 

The last stage of heat stroke is heat stroke.

 

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Author and specialist

Dr. Majid Zahrabi,

Neurosurgeon

  • Board Certified Neurosurgeon
  • DHA certificate holder
  • Plantation certificate holder, France
  • Certified holder of Discogol, France
  • A pioneer in the non-surgical treatment of disc herniation in the Middle East and CIS countries.
  • Under the training and coaching of Professor Jacques Theron (founder of Discogel Therapy) since 2008
  • More than 400 successful cervical and 1300 lumbar discogel injections
  • Trained and certified several neurosurgeons and spine surgeons in the Middle East and CIS countries for the treatment of Discogel
  • Strong belief in patient-centered care planning and participation
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Imam Khomeini and Amir Mazandarani Hospital, Sari, Iran, with more than 430 surgeries annually, 2000-2011
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Farmaniyeh, Nikan and Yas Sepid Hospital, Tehran, Iran, with more than 400 surgeries annually, 2011-2012
  • Neurosurgeon at Iranian Hospital, Dubai, 2022-2023
  • Since 2015, he has been working as a reference doctor for the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with Discogel and has trained many doctors of spine-related specialties in various countries of the Middle East and CIS in person/practically and online.

.

Education:

  • Individual training sessions under the direct supervision of Professor Jacques Theron in Discogel treatment, 2008-2020
  • Training sessions under the supervision of Professor Thierry Boye on spinal implants, 2007
  • Participation and presentation in several national and international medical and neuro-spinal conferences
  • Board certificate by Iran Neurosurgery Board, 2001
  • Neurosurgery assistant training course, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, 1996-2001 (In 2001, he graduated from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences with the first rank in the country.
  • His thesis the titled:The Application of human amniotic membrane in repair of dura matter in dogs.” ( It was happening for the first time in the world. )
  • General medical education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, 1984-1993

.

Published books:

  • CT scan of the brain for doctors
  • Etiology and treatment of painful spine disorders
  • Atlas of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of spine disorders
  • The most common mistakes in the treatment of spinal disorders
  • Reading brain CT scan in simple language (3rd place in the book of the year)
  • Treatment of head and spine injuries

Publications and articles:

  • Bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of DISCOGEL® (https://www.researchgate.net/)
  • Muscle recovery, reduction of pain, and improvement of movement strategies in patients with lumbar discopathy after injection of Discogel.
  • The article on the initial results of the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection, which won the second-best poster rank at the Pan Arab International Congress of Interventional Radiology (March 14-16, 2015) and was accepted for presentation at the Chicago Pain Congress.
  • The use of human amniotic membrane in dura mater repair in dogs, a study for the first time in the world.

.

Lectures:

  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2019
  • Chicago International Pain Congress, 2019
  • Iran International Pain Management Congress, 2018
  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2018
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Armenia for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2017
  • First Live Workshop and Seminar on Minimally Invasive Disc Therapy (DISCON), 2017
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Azerbaijan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • Seminar of Iranian official managers, 2016
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Tajikistan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • International Neurological Intervention Congress in Iran, 2014
  • Educational seminar for nurses on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Educational seminar for general practitioners on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Speech at the Retraining Seminar for General Practitioners and Specialists in Dubai (Discon) in 2017
  • Speech in the internal retraining courses of Irani Hospital, Dubai
  • Holding lecture sessions and practical workshops on the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Oman, and Armenia during the years 2015 to 2021.
  • Giving a lecture and holding a practical workshop for neurosurgeons in Vietnam at Ho Chi Minh City University in 2023

Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.