Rheumatoid arthritis is one of autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain in your joints. This disease is chronic and has no cure. However, in recent years, new treatment options have provided a much better quality of life for those with rheumatoid arthritis.
Considering that we said that this disease has no cure, you should first know that the treatment of this disease focuses on the following:
Doctors usually recommend a combination of physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes to make well RA. Sometimes, surgery and other treatments may be needed.
There are different types of drugs to treat RA.
The effectiveness of the drugs that are used to slow down the progression of the disease and reduce inflammation and pain depends on how you react to the drugs and the overall health of the body.
Medications that slow the increase of rheumatoid arthritis can help reduce symptoms and prevent joint damage and disability. such as:
Many people with rheumatoid arthritis also use medications to help manage pain. They may take these drugs temporarily, during exacerbations, or every day, depending on the condition and treatment plan they discuss with their doctor.
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A physiotherapist can reduce pain through massage and muscle stimulation. In order to rehabilitate, they can teach you exercises to do at home that will increase your strength and reduce your pain.
You may have physical therapy when you are first diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis or as needed during the course of your disease, for example, if a particular joint begins to cause pain and problems.
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Occupational therapy can help you maintain your ability to do daily tasks on your own. They can also recommend support and devices To help you recover and teach you how to use them. Which can include the following:
Sometimes, surgery is needed to fix the damaged joints. The exact surgery you need depends on the impacted joint and the extent of the damage.
Surgical treatment options include:
Arthroscopy of small joints of the hand and wrist is now possible due to the smaller equipment.
Encouraging results have been achieved in cartilage repair and replacement in larger joints such as the knee, and some of these techniques are being used in smaller joints of the hand and arm.
Joint replacement removes the entire damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial joint.
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The purpose of joint replacement is to provide pain relief and restore function. Replaced joints are made of materials similar to weight-bearing joints, such as ceramics or metal and plastic parts, with a long history.
The goal is to improve the performance and longevity of the replacement joint. As with any developing technology, the long-term results of hand or wrist replacement are not yet known.
Some people report that dietary changes as a cure option help reduce RA symptoms. This generally involves following an anti-inflammatory diet avoiding foods high in sugar, artificial substances and carbohydrates.
The anti-inflammatory diet includes foods such as the following examples:
Other people with RA find that supplements can reduce inflammation. Studies have shown that omega-3 fish oil supplements and turmeric are associated with reduced RA symptoms.
Visit your doctor before using any supplement to make sure it does not interfere with your current prescription.
There are lifestyle measures you can take at home to decrease pain and manage your RA. Like:
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All stages of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are inflammatory, as RA is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints and causes chronic inflammation.
Considering that each person’s body responds differently to different treatments, there is no general prescription for everyone, and each person’s body response must be tested to find the best pain reliever for RA.
As mentioned earlier, the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is to control the symptoms, prevent further damage to the joints, and increase and improve the quality of life and ability of the sufferers.
It is also important to note that joint damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis is usually diagnosed when the inflammation may be at its worst, which is usually in the first two years of the disease, although finding out whether the patient has Long-term effects of joint damage will be difficult.
However, before proceeding to any of the treatment options, you should know the side effects of each of the treatments mentioned in this article and then take action.
Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.