Congestive heart failure is one of the most common causes of illness and referral of people over 65 to hospitals. Although this disease takes years to develop, have you ever noticed its symptoms or realized the importance of recognizing the danger signs of this disease?
Do you know you may have serious life-threatening risks if you do not recognize these symptoms in time?
In this very important article from “drhealthandbeauty”, we have explained the stages of congestive heart failure and their symptoms to help you diagnose it on time and, as a result, treat it.
Congestive heart failure always occurs with symptoms, some of the most common of which are mentioned below.
The severity of these symptoms can be various depending on the progress of the disease, the patient’s age and physical condition, as well as the function of the heart in pumping blood in different people:
Fluid accumulation in the body and lung congestion are usually among the most important causes of symptoms in patients with congestive heart failure.
When blood pumping by the heart is disturbed, the body tries to increase the volume of blood and body fluids by locking in water and salt to compensate for this decrease in contractile strength. This retention of water and salt in the body leads to several symptoms:
The body’s retention of water and salt due to congestive heart failure causes the patient’s weight to increase significantly.
This is why doctors usually ask patients with congestive heart failure to check their weight daily and report any unusual weight gain.
Unreasonable and sudden weight gain in patients with congestive heart failure can signal a lack of control of the failure and the need to adjust medications or diet.
Usually, when fluids become trapped in the body, they accumulate in the lower body, in the legs and ankles.
This fluid accumulation causes severe and often painful swelling of the feet and ankles in patients.
To find out if the swelling is due to congestive heart failure or not, pay attention to the following:
If the heart failure is severe, fluids can accumulate in the abdominal cavity, mostly caused by failure on the right side of the heart and called “ascites”.
When congestive heart failure occurs, the accumulation of salt and fluid increases the pressure in the heart chambers.
Since the blood pressure inside these cavities is high, it causes some of the fluid to return and collect in the lungs, and lung congestion occurs.
Shortness of breath is the most common symptom in patients with congestive heart failure.
Accumulation of fluids in the lung causes the lung cavities to be blocked, and the movement of gases such as oxygen in the lung is difficult.
People with congestive heart failure usually don’t have any special breathing problems, but they experience shortness of breath immediately after physical activity or exercise.
This type of shortness of breath is called dyspnea.
If the failure progresses, these symptoms of shortness of breath, reduced lungs, and extreme fatigue may occur even in a normal state and at rest.
Dry cough is also one of the other symptoms observed with shortness of breath in heart failure patients.
Orthopnea shortness of breath is when the patient experiences it while lying down and resting.
In this case, the patient is better or at least has fewer symptoms while sitting or standing, but as soon as he lies down, he experiences severe symptoms of shortness of breath.
If you cannot sleep without using lots of pillows and you are short of breath, you should consult a good cardiologist.
This shortness of breath may last for a few minutes to half an hour and then disappear on its own.
Lung swelling is one of the most severe symptoms of congestive heart failure, which requires hospitalization in the intensive care unit and injection of special drugs.
The heart is responsible for pumping blood to different parts of the body to keep the organs and body alive. When this blood pumping is disturbed and reduced, the organs and organs suffer from anemia.
Anemia in the organs also causes the following factors:
Cardiac arrhythmia means abnormal heart rhythm. The symptoms that patients with congestive heart failure due to cardiac arrhythmia show are:
Although all the known symptoms of congestive heart failure play a very important role in the timely diagnosis and management of symptoms, there are some symptoms that you should act faster when you see them, and failure to act can lead to irreparable risks such as death, which are:
Yes, heart failure can get worse suddenly, which is called exacerbation of heart failure, to the point where you have no idea what caused it, but factors such as:
Do you think you would know if something was wrong with your heart? Although the basic information in this comprehensive article provides a very accurate view, you should know that not all heart problems are accompanied by clear warning signs.
It is not always the intense chest pain that makes you fall to the ground like you see in the movies. Some symptoms of heart problems do not even occur in the chest. Therefore, it can be challenging for a cardiologist to diagnose.
So, you must see a specialist doctor as soon as possible when you see any of the symptoms discussed in this article for timely diagnosis and action.
Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.