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Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy

Table of Contents

Pregnancy is one of the unique experiences for both men and women. During this period, various events happen that are worth knowing about. And based on these events, pregnancy is divided into three trimesters.

Pregnancy is one of the periods in which another organism grows in a woman’s body for 9 months and then leaves the womb through childbirth. In the stage of pregnancy, the body undergoes changes that you must be familiar with to go through this period well and happily.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 01

Stage of pregnancy

The stage of pregnancy is a wonderful and sweet period that lasts almost 40 weeks. 

The best time to get pregnant is after ovulation and the release of the egg in the uterus. At this time, there is a chance for the egg to be fertilized by the sperm. 

The fertilized egg moves down the uterus. At this time, the implantation process takes place. Early diagnosis of pregnancy and proper care will ensure the health of the mother and baby.

Pregnancy is generally divided into three trimesters. Each of these stages has unique characteristics.

Fertilization

The first trimester of pregnancy

The first trimester of pregnancy is associated with feelings such as extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and breast pain. 

The sum of these factors will be effective in reducing sexual desire.

  • First-trimester care during pregnancy

Prenatal care will be very important as generally the duration of pregnancy is divided into three periods: first trimester, second trimester, and third trimester.

The care of the first trimester of pregnancy is from the time the beta HCG test is positive until the fourteenth week of pregnancy. 

During this period, after the beta HCG test is positive, you should go to a gynecologist and obstetrician so that examinations and ultrasounds can be done for the person to determine whether the pregnancy occurred outside the uterus ( Ectopic pregnancy ) or inside the uterus ( In-uterus pregnancy ).

When you are sure that the pregnancy has taken place inside the uterus. 

In the seventh week of pregnancy, the fetal heart must be checked by ultrasound; If the fetal heart was formed, routine pregnancy tests should be prescribed by the obstetrician and gynecologist, which include the following:

  1. thyroid test
  2. diabetes test
  3. blood group
  4. several other tests.

After these tests are done, in the twelfth week of pregnancy, an NT ultrasound must be checked and checked. 

An NT ultrasound scans the back of the neck of the fetus, which determines whether the fetus has several anomalies.

At the same time as this ultrasound, the first-trimester screening test is performed. The screening test is a type of blood test known as the first-trimester screening test.

You may also be interested in reading the article “Preventing Pregnancy Tooth Decay“.

 

Beta hCG characteristics
  • Nutrition in the first trimester of Pregnancy

One of the common questions among people is what kind of food they can use, you should know that a person can use all food and there are only some substances that are prohibited for pregnant women, which are From:

  1. Ocean fish or large fish
  2. Tuna are prohibited,
  3. foods that are rich in vitamin A.

 

People who have nausea and vomiting should not use spicy foods that stimulate the digestive system.

  • Medicines used in the first trimester of pregnancy

During pregnancy, you should use medicines according to the doctor’s prescription, including these types of medicines; Folic acid is a supplement for the first trimester. It is worth mentioning that you must use vegetables and vitamins in your diet.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 02

The second trimester of pregnancy

The second trimester of pregnancy is when the feeling of nausea, fatigue, and vomiting gradually decreases. In this stage, the person gradually regains his lost energy. In addition, the possibility of miscarriage is greatly reduced. 

In this way, during this period, pregnant women are in a much better condition mentally and physically. This will be highly effective in increasing their sexual desire.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 03
  • Care of the second trimester of pregnancy

The prenatal care of the second trimester starts from the end of the fourteenth week until the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy and is considered the second trimester.
During this period, the screening test of the second trimester should be performed, which is performed between sixteen and nineteen weeks of pregnancy. 

This test includes a quadruple screening and after the person performs an ultrasound, a blood test must be performed.

In addition, during sixteen to nineteen weeks of pregnancy, the length of the cervix should be measured in terms of the possibility of premature birth at a high gestational age, and during this period, in the eighteen to twenty weeks, an abnormal ultrasound should be performed, which includes a scan of the entire fetus, which helps to identify several Anomalies should be identified. 

It should be noted that during this week of pregnancy, the length of the cervix must be checked with anomalous ultrasound.

scan of the entire fetus and NT
  • Medicines used in the second trimester of pregnancy

Of the medicines that must be taken during this period of pregnancy, From the 16th week of pregnancy, iron, and vitamin tablets are prescribed for the person. The use of folic acid tablets continues until the 20th week of pregnancy, and after this time, there is no need to take this medicine.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 04

The last trimester of pregnancy ( third trimester of pregnancy )

The last trimester of pregnancy is associated with problems such as weight gain, back pain, hip pain, and swelling. Naturally, the sum of these factors, together with the enlargement of the belly and the feeling of concern for the fetus, will decrease sexual desire. 

During this time, pregnant women need emotional support from their partners more than anything else.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 05
  • Third-trimester care during pregnancy

For many people, the third trimester of pregnancy can be an anxious time. You are home and excited to meet your future baby. 

But you’re also busy preparing for your new addition while trying to stay healthy and comfortable.

In that regard, the article “Top 10 High Protein Snacks For Pregnant” will be helpful.

Here’s a list of the main concerns you may have about the third trimester, along with tips to help you arrive safely and comfortably on delivery day.

The third trimester of pregnancy starts from the 28th week and will continue until the 40th week.

During the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy, a person must perform a special test that includes a blood test, sugar powder test, urine test or urine culture, and liver tests.

For many people, the third trimester of pregnancy can be an anxious time. You are home and excited to meet your future baby. 

But you’re also busy preparing for your new addition while trying to stay healthy and comfortable.

These tests determine whether the patient needs special care or the possibility of diabetes. 

Similarly, if a person has a negative blood type and his wife has a positive blood type, Rogam should be injected between the twenty-eighth and thirty-two weeks.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 06

In the 35th week of pregnancy, an ultrasound is performed to check the weight of the fetus, the position of the head of the fetus, and also the type of delivery, to carry out the necessary investigations.
In the thirty-fifth week to the end of pregnancy, especially people who are experiencing pregnancy for the first time should be checked for the type of pelvis to determine whether the person will be able to give birth naturally or not.

  • Golden tips in the third trimester of pregnancy

During the third trimester, what is very important is to pay attention to the weight of the fetus. 

Sometimes some embryos do not gain good weight and will not grow proportionately, and this must be checked by a gynecologist.

Reading the valuable article “ Is It Ok To Lose Weight While Pregnant If Overweight” will be recommended and wise.

Referrals during pregnancy

  • What is referral in pregnancy?

From the beginning, when it was determined that she is pregnant, until the thirty-second week of pregnancy, she must undergo medical examinations every month, and from the thirty-second to the thirty-sixth week, every two weeks, and from the thirty-sixth week to the fortieth week of pregnancy, she must undergo medical examinations. 

To undergo medical care and examinations once a week.
Of course, medical referrals are different according to the individual’s conditions, if the person has a history of diabetes, blood pressure, or other underlying diseases, it may be necessary to undergo medical care earlier than these times.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 07

Extra information about the stage of pregnancy

Bleeding during pregnancy
Bleeding during pregnancy usually happens for several reasons. Naturally, when a person bleeds in the first trimester of pregnancy, the reason for that is the slowness of the fetal placenta and blood collection, and sometimes this situation can lead to miscarriage. 

It is necessary to know that sometimes by taking medicines and resting, you can try to preserve the pregnancy and avoid abortion.

Maybe you are involved with the topic of the article “When does menstruation ( period ) begin?.

Other causes of bleeding during pregnancy include ectopic pregnancy, cervical diseases, uterine infection, implantation, etc.

Related: “How To Avoid Ectopic Pregnancy Naturally?”

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 08

Allergies during the stage of pregnancy

Are allergies a risk in pregnancy?

Some women during the stage of pregnancy may be allergic to substances that can cause allergies in them, and the best way is to find the substances that you are allergic to and stay away from those substances. 

Also, to deal with allergies, you can rest, use saline wash serum and take a bath regularly.

Also, for people who have a history of diabetes, this disease causes the fetus to grow too much, and this causes problems for the person and the fetus, and the fetus defecates inside the mother’s stomach, leading to suffocation. 

Therefore, the third trimester of pregnancy is a very important period, and you must take the necessary care and not forget periodic checkups.

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 09

Hair coloring during the stage of pregnancy

  • Are there negative effects of dyeing hair while pregnant?

The desire to be beautiful is a natural thing, and most people like to dye their hair for more beauty. But many pregnant women are afraid of dyeing their hair during the stage of pregnancy and think that doing it may be dangerous for their baby. 

It is not dangerous, but it is better to avoid dyeing your hair during the first trimester of pregnancy and the last two weeks of the third trimester of pregnancy.

 Because the first trimester of pregnancy and the last two weeks of the third trimester of pregnancy it is the time for the formation and completion of the fetal organs; it is better not to do it.

You may also be interested in reading the article “When Do Early Pregnancy Symptoms Start?

Trimesters Of Pregnancy / Comprehensive Guide To The Stage Of Pregnancy 10

Conclusion

Each trimester of pregnancy is one of the most important periods for mothers and babies, and the health of babies and mothers is very important during this period
The quality of the stage of pregnancy and childbirth has a significant impact on the health and future life of the mother and baby, and awareness and compliance with medical recommendations are very important during this period, and for this reason, it is necessary to carry out all procedures under the supervision and consultation of a doctor.

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Author and specialist

Dr. Majid Zahrabi,

Neurosurgeon

  • Board Certified Neurosurgeon
  • DHA certificate holder
  • Plantation certificate holder, France
  • Certified holder of Discogol, France
  • A pioneer in the non-surgical treatment of disc herniation in the Middle East and CIS countries.
  • Under the training and coaching of Professor Jacques Theron (founder of Discogel Therapy) since 2008
  • More than 400 successful cervical and 1300 lumbar discogel injections
  • Trained and certified several neurosurgeons and spine surgeons in the Middle East and CIS countries for the treatment of Discogel
  • Strong belief in patient-centered care planning and participation
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Imam Khomeini and Amir Mazandarani Hospital, Sari, Iran, with more than 430 surgeries annually, 2000-2011
  • Neurosurgeon and spine surgeon at Farmaniyeh, Nikan and Yas Sepid Hospital, Tehran, Iran, with more than 400 surgeries annually, 2011-2012
  • Neurosurgeon at Iranian Hospital, Dubai, 2022-2023
  • Since 2015, he has been working as a reference doctor for the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with Discogel and has trained many doctors of spine-related specialties in various countries of the Middle East and CIS in person/practically and online.

.

Education:

  • Individual training sessions under the direct supervision of Professor Jacques Theron in Discogel treatment, 2008-2020
  • Training sessions under the supervision of Professor Thierry Boye on spinal implants, 2007
  • Participation and presentation in several national and international medical and neuro-spinal conferences
  • Board certificate by Iran Neurosurgery Board, 2001
  • Neurosurgery assistant training course, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, 1996-2001 (In 2001, he graduated from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences with the first rank in the country.
  • His thesis the titled:The Application of human amniotic membrane in repair of dura matter in dogs.” ( It was happening for the first time in the world. )
  • General medical education, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, 1984-1993

.

Published books:

  • CT scan of the brain for doctors
  • Etiology and treatment of painful spine disorders
  • Atlas of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of spine disorders
  • The most common mistakes in the treatment of spinal disorders
  • Reading brain CT scan in simple language (3rd place in the book of the year)
  • Treatment of head and spine injuries

Publications and articles:

  • Bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of DISCOGEL® (https://www.researchgate.net/)
  • Muscle recovery, reduction of pain, and improvement of movement strategies in patients with lumbar discopathy after injection of Discogel.
  • The article on the initial results of the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection, which won the second-best poster rank at the Pan Arab International Congress of Interventional Radiology (March 14-16, 2015) and was accepted for presentation at the Chicago Pain Congress.
  • The use of human amniotic membrane in dura mater repair in dogs, a study for the first time in the world.

.

Lectures:

  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2019
  • Chicago International Pain Congress, 2019
  • Iran International Pain Management Congress, 2018
  • Annual Congress of Physiotherapists of Iran, 2018
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Armenia for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2017
  • First Live Workshop and Seminar on Minimally Invasive Disc Therapy (DISCON), 2017
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Azerbaijan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • Seminar of Iranian official managers, 2016
  • Presentation of Discogel as an innovative solution for the treatment of spinal disc herniation in Tajikistan for orthopedic specialists and neurosurgeons, 2016
  • International Neurological Intervention Congress in Iran, 2014
  • Educational seminar for nurses on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Educational seminar for general practitioners on treatment approaches for head and spine trauma, 2014
  • Speech at the Retraining Seminar for General Practitioners and Specialists in Dubai (Discon) in 2017
  • Speech in the internal retraining courses of Irani Hospital, Dubai
  • Holding lecture sessions and practical workshops on the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation with discogel injection in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Oman, and Armenia during the years 2015 to 2021.
  • Giving a lecture and holding a practical workshop for neurosurgeons in Vietnam at Ho Chi Minh City University in 2023

Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.