Pneumonia is the medical term for inflammation of one or both lungs. This disease can occur due to viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. Its symptoms are dependent on the age and type of that.
Pneumonia is an infection that affects the lungs. This infection causes the lung sacs and alveoli to become inflamed and filled with fluid or pus.
When an infection occurs, a myriad of symptoms, such as fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, occur.
Pneumonia can occur in any age group and can be mild or life-threatening.
This is particularly dangerous for the very young and the elderly as these age groups are more likely to have weakened immune systems and other health problems.
While some people may not need medical treatment for pneumonia, others will need it to prevent long-term complications or even death.
Early symptoms of this disease may be similar to those of the flu, especially if the person has viral pneumonia.
Early symptoms of pneumonia include:
Pneumonia caused by bacteria is called bacterial pneumonia. Many types of bacteria can cause bacterial pneumonia, but the most common type is Streptococcus pneumonia.
This type of pneumonia occurs when bacteria enter the lungs and begin to multiply. This will cause an immune reaction and lead to inflammation in the lower respiratory tract.
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There are two types of bacterial pneumonia, which include typical and atypical. Unusual and ordinary pneumonia have the following differences:
It is also common to hear about bacterial pneumonia called “community-acquired pneumonia.” If it occurs in the hospital for other reasons, it is often called “hospital-acquired pneumonia” and “ventilator-associated pneumonia.” However, all these types of pneumonia can also be viral pneumonia.
For those suffering from bacterial pneumonia, the doctor may ask the person to visit him for two days to evaluate the treatment method and ensure that he will not be hospitalized.
Also, the doctor recommends the following to reduce the risk of bacterial pneumonia in the future:
Viral pneumonia occurs in response to a viral infection. This tends to affect both lungs.
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The most common cause of viral pneumonia in adults is the influenza virus. The most common cause in children is respiratory obstruction virus.
Many other types of viruses that cause viral pneumonia include:
The symptoms of viral pneumonia are very similar to those of bacterial pneumonia. However, people may experience the following additional symptoms:
Approximately 30% of pneumonia cases are viral. This type of pneumonia is commonly caused as a secondary infection from other viruses such as influenza, coronavirus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
These types of viruses are spread through air droplets. For example, a sneeze or cough may cause sputum to become airborne and become airborne, or the virus may land on a handle or surface that is touched and then be transferred to the nose or mouth.
In that regard reading the article “Contagious Bronchitis Spreads Faster Than Coronavirus!” would be wise.
While bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics, this treatment does not help viral pneumonia.
Viruses do not respond to antibiotics. Sometimes antiviral drugs may be prescribed.
For example, if this disease is secondary to the flu, oseltamivir (Tamiflu), zanamivir (Relenza), or peramivir (Rapivab) may help spread the virus.
If the it is secondary to RSV, ribavirin (Virazol) may be prescribed.
Fungal pneumonia is not nearly as common as bacterial and viral pneumonia. Fungal pneumonia is more likely to occur in people with immune system problems or other chronic diseases.
Fungal pneumonia occurs when a spore enters the lungs and begins to multiply.
The most common types of fungal pneumonia are:
Pneumocystis pneumonia. This type of pneumonia is caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii fungus.
It usually occurs in people with compromised immune systems, such as people with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immunodeficiency disease (AIDs), people with organ transplants, or those being treated for cancer.
The fungi that cause this particular type of pneumonia are called Coccidioides and are commonly found in west Texas, southern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and central California.
The fungus Histoplasma capsulatum is found in the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys and is spread by droppings from bats and birds.
Fortunately, less than five percent of people with low exposure will develop this type of pneumonia, but with high exposure, most people will develop pneumonia.
Although Cryptococcus fungus can be found in soil worldwide, getting this fungal infection is risky without an immune system.
Some people may need mechanical ventilation to help them breathe.
( Reading the article “How To Prevent Pulmonary Hypertension Naturally?” is recommended )
The difference between viral and bacterial pneumonia
Although viral and bacterial pneumonia can look very similar, there are significant differences between the two. The following sections describe several examples.
Affecting the lungs: Bacterial pneumonia tends to affect a specific part of the body or lung lobe, but viral pneumonia usually affects both lungs.
The onset of symptoms: Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia develop suddenly or gradually, but symptoms of viral pneumonia usually appear within a few days.
Symptoms: Usually, people with bacterial pneumonia experience a higher temperature and wet cough, but people with viral pneumonia tend to have a lower temperature and a dry cough. Also, people with viral pneumonia often face flu and digestive symptoms that people with bacterial pneumonia usually do not suffer from.
Various steps and home options that help treat pneumonia include:
The recovery time from pneumonia is different for different people.
According to ALS, some people experience improvement in symptoms within one week, but it may take one month or more for others. In any case, the symptoms of fatigue and lethargy can last for about a month.
It is essential to follow the treatment recommendations of the doctor. This will reduce the risk of complications. Possible complications of pneumonia include:
Seek medical attention immediately if you experience the following symptoms:
Pneumonia refers to inflammation of one or both lungs. A bacterial, viral, or fungal infection of the lungs can cause this disease.
Symptoms of pneumonia can vary depending on the age and type of pneumonia. Possible symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, fever, and chills.
Pneumonia symptoms will improve for some people within a month; others will improve simply by using over-the-counter medications and home remedies. Others may require medical treatment or hospitalization.
People should see a doctor if they see symptoms of pneumonia. Also, people who experience severe symptoms should receive immediate medical attention.
Dr. Majid Zohrabi started treating his patients in Dubai in 2022 and continues his activities in private medical centers in the UAE.